You will only find here the natural herbs that, according to clinical studies and research can help improve male performance and virility. Many of these natural herbs have been used for thousands of years and historically touted as “aphrodisiacs”. Science will show that they do in fact work and can signiﬁcantly increase erection hardness, ﬁrmness , testosterone levels and improve overall male virility.
- 1 Maca root
- 2 Tribulus terrestris
- 3 Yohimbine
- 4 Cinnamon
- 5 Damiana
- 6 Ginger
- 7 Ginseng
- 8 Ginkgo biloba
- 9 Horny goat weed
- 10 Mondia whitei
- 11 Tongkat ali
Maca root (Lepidium meyenii) is a plant that grows in the high mountainous areas of the Andes. Maca root grows in barren, limestone and clay soils in the mountains where other few plants survive. The root of the Maca plant is swollen and ﬂeshy and a source of food for various cultures. The maca roots is also related to mustard, radishes and turnips and watercress. However, it tastes somewhat similar to potato.
When cooked, maca root has a sweet and pleasant ﬂavor and has high nutritional value; Maca root has better value in terms of essential amino acids, minerals, fatty acids and has high iodine content. Beside its use as a nutritious food source, native cultures regard Maca root as an aphrodisiac and fertility enhancer.
Historical use of Maca root
Ancient cultures in the Andes region (now Peru) are the primarily growers of Maca since this is the only plant capable of growing well in the coldest and poorest mountain soils. Maca root is unusually nutritious and is a known potent aphrodisiac, and its consumption is mainly limited to privileged and is often given as a prize to warriors. `Folk medicine prescribe Maca root for anemia, tuberculosis, sterility, and fatigue, depression, menstrual disorders and cancer.
Studies about Maca root
There are existing studies supporting the use of Maca root for fertility and male performance enhancer.
In a study published in Asian Journal ofAndrology, normal adult men who supplemented with Maca root tablets (1500-3000 mg a day) for 6 months exhibited increased seminal volume and higher sperm counts and motility.
In a study published in Andrologia, men were either assigned to take Maca root extract (1500-3000 mg) or placebo for 12 weeks and those who took the former exhibited improvement of sexual desire within 8 weeks compared to the latter.
In another study in Andologia, men with mild erectile dysfunction subjectively expressed higher well—being and sexual performance after being randomized to take 2400 mg dry Maca root extract daily for 12 weeks.
Even women with sexual problems related to the use of anti- depressants (selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)) for depression showed better scores in improvement of depression, anxiety and sexual dysfunction after taking 3000-3500 mg Maca root powder.
In an experiment in rats, Maca root helped reduce prostate size which can be useful in treatment of prostate cancer and enlargement.
Who should use Maca root?
Information from studies shows that both healthy men and men with erectile dysfunction can beneﬁt from Maca root supplementation.
According to studies, Maca root has a signiﬁcant effect on improvement of libido, semen volume, erection hardness and ﬁrmness as well as improved sperm counts.
Maca root can even help women suffering from very low sexual activity due to adverse effect of antidepressant medicines.
The effects of Maca root does not appear overnight, as studies detail that this may take 8 to 12 weeks before becoming evident.
Whole Maca root are very rare outside South America. Maca root supplements are often available in root powders or tablets.
The dose of Maca root per day range from 1,500 mg- 3000 mg.
There is no reliable information detailing the adverse effects and toxicity associated with Maca root, though its safety to children, pregnant and nursing mothers is still not yet established.
Tribulus terrestris, also known as bindii, bulhead, caltrop, cat’s head. It also goes by the names like puncturevine, devil’s eyelashes, devil’s thorn and devil’s weed.
Tribulus terrestris is ﬂowering plant that is considered a nasty and troublesome weed because it bears small fruits containing small and sharp spines that hurt livestock and men.
Tribulus terrestris is native in Europe and is now found in Africa, Australia, and Asia, where it is considered a weed especially in places where crops grow.
In traditional medicine, preparations made from Tribulus terrestris are regarded as aphrodisiacs and also used to improve physical performance.
Historical use of Tribulus terrestris
Despite its appearance and risk of puncture wounds, Tribulus terrestris is used as medicine in ancient China, India, and Greece[9_é]. Preparations made from Tribulus terrestris is used to treat female infertility, impotence, and low libido in both men and women, and to aid rejuvenation after long illness.
Studies about Tribulus terrestris
There are existing studies supporting the use of Tribulus terrestris as a male sexual performance enhancer.
In a study of castrated rats published in the journal Life Sciences, supplementation of Tribulus terrestris increased sexual behavior, improved penile blood circulation and reduction of resting periods (latency) between sexual intercourse acts. This is supported by another rat study wherein ‘I‘ribulus terrestris supplementation exhibited the same results.
In another rat experiment, extracts of Tribulus terrestris given to sexually sluggish albino rats improved frequency of copulation mountings, erection and ejaculation, while reducing latency periods.
Tribulus terrestris also helped relieve mild to moderate erectile dysfunction in rat and rabbit models, according to a study in the journal Phytomedicine.
Who should and how to use Tribulus terrestris?
A lot of the information available on Tribulus terrestris are from animal studies. Due to lack of ﬁndings about serious adverse effects, men with low libido and sexual problems can safely use Tribulus terrestris extracts.
The safe dose of Tribulus terrestris extracts range from 85-250 mg three times a day with meals. It is not safe to use whole Tribulus terrestris plants or seeds.
The safety of Tribulus terrestris extracts or supplements in pregnant and nursing mothers and children is not yet known.
Yohimbine or yohimbe is an evergreen tree that grows in Africa. The yohimbe tree is tall and mainly found in Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon and Congo. The bark of the Yohimbe tree is regarded as a potent aphrodisiac and used for the treatment of impotence.
Africans used Yohimbe bark as aphrodisiac for ages. In addition Yohimbe is also smoked as a hallucinogen and to treat hypertension and angina. Furthermore, Yohimbe is also used to treat diseases such as leprosy and ailments like coughs and fever.
Even today, Yohimbe bark is still used in African folk medicine as an aphrodisiac.
Studies about Yohimbine
There are existing studies supporting the male enhancing properties of Yohimbine.
A study published in Journal of Urology demonstrated the impressive ability of Yohimbine extract (hydrochloride) in impotent men with diabetes and cardiovascular conditions versus placebo; the men were given maximum 42 mg every day for a month.
In another study published in Sexual and Marital Therapy, men given Yohimbine hydrochloride 5.4 mg three times a day reported signiﬁcant improvement of erections.
In another study published in Journal of Sexual Medicine, 18 nonsmoking sexually impotent men who completed a protocol consisting of 5.4 mg three times a day for 4 weeks followed by 10.8 mg three times a day for 4 weeks, 50% of them reported 75% success in completing intercourse with their partners.
Another study published in Asian Journal ofAndrology showed that
Yohimbine is also useful for men with inability to have an orgasm during sex or masturbation; half of men given 20 mg Yohimbine daily were able to ejaculate and have an orgasm either on masturbation or sexual intercourse[@].
A clinical review of studies about Yohimbine showed that it is modesty effective for erectile dysfunction, and at proper doses, does not elicit unpleasant hypotension and adverse effects.
Who should use Yohimbine?
Scientiﬁc literature only detailed the beneﬁts of Yohimbine to men with erection and orgasm problems, and information is lacking about its efficacy on apparently healthy men and women. According to medical studies, the range of safe Yohimbine dose for men with sexual performance problems is 30 mg to 50 mg daily. Yohimbine is available supplements. Yohimbine can cause side effects, some of which are serious, if used improperly.
There is a documented case of refractory priapism (painful and persisting erection even without sexual stimulation) caused by overdose of Yohimbine.
Yohimbine is not for men with kidney or liver problems. It is not recommended to drive or operate heavy machinery after taking Yohimbe due to risk of dizziness.
Cinnamon is the dried and powdered inner bark of the cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), and it grows in tropical countries[g]. A common and popular spice, cinnamon also has medicinal properties.
Historical use of Cinnamon
Cinnamon is a prized commodity and spice throughout history. Cinnamon is mentioned in the Bible, and speciﬁcally in the Book of Numbers, the adulteress sprinkled it in her bedstead to heighten sensuality of illicit lovemaking.
Although historically cinnamon only grows in South East Asia, it is known to the ancient Romans and Egyptians through trading with Arabs. Because of the huge distances involved, Arabs sold cinnamon to the West at exorbitant prices and at limited quantities only. Aside from its use as an expensive spice, the ancients used cinnamon to treat respiratory and digestive ailments.
Studies about Cinnamon
There are studies showing that cinnamon can prove beneﬁcial in improving male sexual performance. According to a study published in the Journal of American Science, extracts from cinnamon bark given for 65 days helped increase weight of testes and seminal vesicles, improve semen quality and testosterone levels, as well as resolving lesions in tests of rats.
Another similar rat study showed that cinnamon helped improve sexual potency, semen quality and testosterone levels in diabetic rats. Cinnamon may help improve and increase numbers of reproductive cells in the seminiferous tubules that explains why it improves male hormones and male potency, according to another study in rats.
In addition a study published in Andrologia showed that cinnamon helped relieve testicular damage caused by carbon tetrachloride administration in rats.
Who should use Cinnamon?
Studies show that cinnamon may help men increase testosterone levels and resolve any minor testicular lesions. Men with below-than- normal testosterone can benefit from increased hormone levels, and in a study published in Clinical Endocrinology, it can help improve nocturnal erections, frequency of sexual activity and sexual thoughts and overall sex satisfaction.
Cinnamon is a good ﬂavoring in sweet and savory foodstuffs, and is fairly safe for children and pregnant women. 1 gram to 1.5 grams of cinnamon per day is usually adequate. Among men, it is becoming an increasingly popular trend to use cinnamon as a substitute for cream and sugar in coffee and makes for a simple way to increase daily consumption of this ancient spice.
Damiana or Turnera diffusa/ Turnera aphrodisiaca is a small shrub that grows in South America and Mexico. When dried, Damiana plant yields a volatile oil that smells like chamomile.
Damiana is historically regarded as an aphrodisiac and folk medicine. The oil which is derived from this shrub, also known as Damiana oil has bioactive compounds that have known effects on the human body.
Historical use of Damiana
For ages, cultures in Mexico and Central Americas use tonics made from Damiana as an antidepressant, diuretic, hypoglycemic and anti- infective medicine. These tribes also regard Damiana as a tonic having aphrodisiac properties.
Studies about Damiana
There are existing studies supporting the historical use of Damiana as an aphrodisiac. Two separate animal studies published in Journal of Ethnopharmacology and Psychopharmacology showed that impotent rats given with Damiana extracts exhibited increased sexual behavior.
Damiana oil is known to be PDE—5 inhibitor (this is the same mechanism used by Sildenaﬁl (Viagra)), which may explain its aphrodisiac powers by enhancing erection and relieving erectile dysfunction in men. Despite not being a libido enhancer, men can ﬁnd Damiana useful in improving erection hardness and ﬁrmness.
Who should use Damiana?
Damiana is available in supplements. There is no established range of dose for Damiana. More studies are needed to understand the complete effects of Damiana. It is a main ingredient found in many popular male enhancement supplements.
Ginger is a fragrant and mildly hot spice widely used in several regional cuisines. Aside from culinary uses, ginger is a known medicinal plant with documented evidence of being effective for arthritis, dizziness, nausea and vomiting after surgery, and for morning sickness. Ginger is found in most countries around the world.
Historical use of ginger
Ginger is used as ﬂavoring and spice before history was written. The word ‘Ginger‘ is actually derived from a Sanskrit word that means ‘horn root’. The Indians and the Chinese are thought to be the first to recognize the medicinal properties of ginger tonics for colds, nausea, arthritis, migraines, and hypertension. Ginger use reached Europe by the time Roman Empire ﬂourished, where it is used as a medicine and a very costly spice.
Studies about ginger
Animal studies show that ginger can help improve reproductive virility in men. According to a study in Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine, ginger extract given to male rates helped increase numbers of sperm cells and improved viability, motility and increased levels of testosterone.
Another study in African Journal of Biomedical Research also demonstrated the same effects on rats in comparison to placebo, which showed that ginger may support fertility and virility in males.
Furthermore, a study in Asian Journal of Andrology demonstrated the additional protective benefits of ginger against cistplatin (a cancer treatment medicine) induced testicular damage and also helped restore sperm motility in rats.
Who should use ginger?
Almost anyone can eat ginger. Though more studies on humans are needed, it is shown here that ginger is safe and potentially effective fertility booster for men. Men with infertility problems due to low sperm counts and/ or high numbers of malformed sperm can beneﬁt from ginger.
Ginger rhizomes are readily available in markets. Supplements made from ginger contain whole powdered ginger or its extracts. The range of ginger dose is from 250 mg to 1 gram, three to four times a day. Ginger as a food is relatively non—toxic. Overdosing ginger may result to stomach discomfort.
Ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) is a herbal plant that is found in the colder parts of the Northern Hemisphere, from North America to Korea, Northem China and Siberia[g]. Ginseng root is ﬂeshy and it is the root which is used in medicine.
All species of ginseng contain bioactive compounds, namely ginsenosides and/ or panaxosides, which have bioactive effects on the body.
Ginseng historically been used as medicine in places where it grew. Historical Chinese Medicine recommend ginseng as a cure-all for all diseases, and therefore held it at high regard. Every Chinese pharmacy has stocks of dried or wine infused with ginseng.
Ancient Chinese doctors prescribe ginseng for treatment of colds, flu, high blood pressure and stress and for tumors. Ginseng is also taken to prevent diseases. One particular use of ginseng in ancient China is to relieve erectile dysfunction and improve sexual appetite in men[3g].
Some types of ginseng, particularly older plants, are more expensive because doctors believe that older plants have more potency. Even today, ginseng remains popular in China and nearby countries for its medicinal qualities.
Studies about ginseng
The male enhancing abilities of ginseng are recognized by experts. One of the notable uses of ginseng is for treatment of erectile dysfunction.
In a study on Korean men, those who took ginseng reported penile rigidity and girth, libido and patient satisfactions compared to other groups.
In a study published in Journal of Urology, men with clinically- diagnosed erectile dysfunction who took Korean red ginseng also exhibited better penile erection, rigidity, and penetration scores compared to placebo; these effects diminished after ginseng supplementation was suspended and returned again after resumption.
Another study published in Asian Journal of Andrology also demonstrated the beneﬁcial effects of red ginseng to impotent men with erectile dysfunction.
A review of available studies published in British Journal of Pharmacology supported the effectiveness of ginseng for erectile dysfunction[3§]. Even extracts from ginseng berries has shown to help men with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction in terms of erectile rigidity and premature ejaculation.
Ginseng may also prove helpful in increasing sexual libido and, according to a study published in Journal of Sexual Medicine and even sexual arousal in menopausal women.
Who should use ginseng?
According to studies, both men and women can use ginseng to improve sexual satisfaction. There are several preparations for ginseng root; dried (white ginseng), steamed and dried (red ginseng) or soaked in water or liquor. Ginseng is also available in powders, capsules and oral tablets.
According to studies, 1 to 3 grams of ginseng root powder can be safely taken once a day. For extracts, 100 to 400 mg is safe.
Ginseng has an effect to the body like a medicine and overdose/adverse effects can happen, so recommended doses must be observed. Take note that ginseng can interact with medicines such as blood thinners, antihypertensives and non-steroidal anti-inﬂammatory medicines.
Ginkgo biloba is considered to be one of the oldest species of trees known to man. The ginkgo tree is known for its unusual longevity, the only member of its species and has fan shaped leaves and has separate male and female plants.
Ginkgo biloba is a popular herbal supplement most commonly used by students and the elderly to improve memory. Ginkgo is also used for various other conditions including being used to manage sexual dysfunction.
The leaves and seeds of ginkgo contain chemicals that have an effect on the body. The ginkgo fruit in particular contains toxic substances. In China, ginkgo seeds are specially prepared (to reduce toxicity and bitterness) and used as food.
The extracts from leaves and fruits of ginkgo are used for medicine. Studies show that ginkgo biloba has medicinal properties, though its full effects are yet to be revealed.
Historical use of Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo is historically used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the past 1,000 years. Ancient Chinese prescribe ginkgo biloba seeds for urinary problems, hearing loss, respiratory infections and for digestive infections.
Ginkgo biloba seeds are also believed to increase sexual energy in men and cure nocturnal emissions.
Studies about Ginkgo biloba
Numerous studies have shown that ginkgo biloba is beneﬁcial to persons suffering from dementia, raynaud’s syndrome, peripheral vascular diseases and vertigo, premenstrual syndrome and glaucoma.
Ginkgo biloba supplements are also good in improving cognitive sharpness at old age and in young people, and improving color vision in diabetic patients[4§]. There are also many studies which show Ginkgo biloba can help enhance sexual performance in men.
In a study featured in Journal of Sex &Marital Therapy, it is shown that ginkgo biloba is beneﬁcial in treating sexual dysfunction caused by antidepressant use (a common adverse effect) in men and women though the latter exhibited more positive effects.
For erection problems, a study published in Journal of Sex Education & Therapy showed that men with erectile impotence who had supplementation of ginkgo for 6 months regained spontaneous erections and improved penile circulation.
How ginkgo worked on sexual dysfunction is still not completely understood, but it may be related to improvement of blood circulation.
Who should use Ginkgo biloba?
Ginkgo biloba supplements are widely available, and according to studies can beneﬁt both men and women. The dose range of ginkgo biloba is 120 mg to 240 mg per day.
The effects of ginkgo can take weeks (4-6 weeks) to be felt.
Some individuals may unknowingly have an allergy to ginkgo biloba fruits and pollen. Ginkgo may also cause side effects such as headache, dizziness, heart palpitations, GI and dermatologic reactions. Eating ginkgo seeds can result to poisoning, especially if not prepared properly or if too much is eaten.
Ginkgo biloba must never be given to persons below 18 years old or to persons with liver and kidney problems.
Horny goat weed
Horny goat weed (Epimedium grandiﬂorum) is a herbaceous plant that grows in China, Himalayas and Japan. Horny goat weed has a long historical use in traditional Chinese medicine, and it got its name after ancient observations showed that goats that ate it tend to often participate in amorous couplings. The extracts from Horny goat weed are used to make horny goat weed supplements.
Historical use of Horny goat weed
Ancient Chinese medicine regard horny goat weed as a body-building agent according to their ‘Yin-Yang philosophy. Horny goat weed got its Chinese name yin yang huo which denotes the increased sexual behavior noted in sheep and goats after consuming it.
Studies about Horny goat weed
Horny goat weed may have signiﬁcantly beneﬁcial effects on male sexual performance.
Horny goat weed contains icariin, a compound which according to studies have beneﬁts on male erection and sexual performance. Animal studies demonstrate how icariin helped improve erectile dysfunction and nitric oxide production (important for initiating and maintaining erection) in castrated rats].
Horny goat weed may also help reduce epididymis (collects and matures sperm cells) damage from chemotherapy, according to studies in rats.
In another rat study in Journal of Sexual Medicine, icariin is demonstrated to improve erection hardness and ﬁrmness due to increased production of nitric oxide and improvement of blood circulation in the penis.
Another rat study published in Journal of Asian Andrology showed that icariin also increased circulating testosterone levels which are important for male sexual behavior.
In a study published in the Journal of Natural Products, icariin derivatives are demonstrated to inhibit phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) i.e. enzyme that constricts blood vessels that results to penile tumescence[®]. Inhibition of PDE—5 is important in solving erectile dysfunction, and popular ED medicines like sildenaﬁl actually work this way. This makes horny goat weed a potential form of ‘natural’ Viagra.
Who should and how to use horny goat weed?
There is still a need of studies to determine the complete effects of horny goat weed, but preliminary investigations show that it can help uplift men’s sexual performance in many ways.
The studies did not detail the range of horny goat weed dose, so keep it at 6 grams to 15 grams a day to be safe.
There are case reports of serious allergy caused by horny goat weed.
There is also a case of very rapid heart rate associated with horny goat weed use. The safety of Horny goat weed is also unknown in infants, children, nursing and pregnant mothers.
Mondia whitei, also known as white man’s ginger, mondia or tonic root, is a woody climbing vine that grows in Africa.
The roots of Mondia whitei are used as medicine and ﬂavoring primarily becuase of its vanilla-like aroma and sweet aftertaste.
Folk medicine prescribes Mondia whitei roots for conditions like reduced appetite, improve ﬂow of breast milk and to uplift mood.
Historical use of Mondia whitei
Many native cultures in Africa regard the roots of Mondia whitei as a potent aphrodisiac, a belief held since antiquity.
Studies about Mondia whitei
Mondia whitei’s aphrodisiac claims may have scientiﬁc basis, according to some studies.
In a study published in Asian Journal of Andrology, taking Mondia whitei extracts for 8 days helped improve testosterone levels in the testes and bloodstream of rats.
Another similar rat study also demonstrated that Mondia whitei supplementation increased sexual activity in sexually-inexperienced rats.
The possible mechanism of the aphrodisiac value of Mondia whitei was investigated in rabbits, where it was shown that it helped increase nitrous oxide and Cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels.
Nitrous oxide and Cyclic guanosine monophosphate are vital for penile erection and low levels increase risk of having erectile dysfunction.
In an in vitro experiment published in Phytotherapy Research, Mondia whitei helped improve motility of human sperm cells in time-dependent manner.
Who should and how to use Mondia whitei?
The studies showed that Mondia whitei has potential to be helpful for men in improving sexual performance, though more additional studies are still needed.
According to available literature, there is no information about the proper and standardized dose for Mondia whitei. In an experiment, it is shown that 2.05 mg, 4.11 mg and 8.22 mg/kilo body weight doses of Mondia whitei for 3 weeks is relatively safe and has no testosterone-lowering effects.
Tongkat ali is a small evergreen tree that grows in Southeast Asian countries. Tongkat ali has a long history of use as a folk medicine to treat, malaria, high blood pressure, fatigue and for fevers and as a poultice for headaches, wounds, ulcers, dandruff and syphilitic ulcers.
Aside from these conditions, Tongkat ali is also regarded as a potent sexual performance enhancer in men.
Historical use of Tongkat ali
In South East Asia, early cultures regard the concoction made from Tongkat ali tree bark as medicine for conditions such as diarrhea, fever, glandular swelling, bleeding, dropsy, persistent cough, hypertension, relief of pain in the bones, and malaria.
Studies about Tongkat ali
There are studies supporting the use of Tongkat ali as a supplement for improved male enhancement.
In rats, Tongkat ali increased the frequency of sexual mountings and reduced latencies. Tongkat ali also helped increase sperm counts in rats, according to a study in Journal of Ethnopharmacology.
In a study on Asian Journal of Andrology, men with idiopathic infertility supplemented with 200 mg/ day Tongkat ali for 9 months exhibited improved sperm counts and morphology.
In Andrologia, in vitro supplementation of Tongkat ali improved vitality and motility of human sperm which may explain why it is beneﬁcial for men with fertility problems.
Tongkat ali has also been shown to help increase testosterone levels in men, which supports its use as a sexual performance enhancer.
Who should and how to use Tongkat ali?
According to studies, men with low testosterone and fertility problems seem to beneﬁt most from Tongkat ali supplementation.
Tongkat ali is available in tablet and capsule supplements. The accepted dose of Tongkat ali, according to studies, is 200 mg per day. The beneﬁts of Tongkat ali is evident after taking it for several months.
Tongkat ali may also have sedative and hypoglycemic activity so it may interfere with sedatives and medicines used for diabetes. Therefore, Tongkat ali is not for men taking these medicines.